Wednesday, July 25, 2012

My Summary and Glossery fo Tsunami

Tsunamis are are waves of destruction and are mainly caused by meteorites, undersea eruptions, undersea earthquakes, undersea landslides, storm surges and Nuclear explosions. Tsunamis are as fast as a jumbo jet that can reach up to 700 kilometres. Tsunamis can stretch hundreds of kilometres wide. There is often little or no warning of tsunamis approach. Everything in a tsunami’s path is crushed, broken or washed out to sea. In 1998 a tsunami hit the coast of Papua New Guinea. After a tsunami has receded, the survivors are left with the enormous job cleaning up. Food is needed too. Shelters have to be put up and survivors use anything that is handy to build them. Places such as Japan and Alaska, which are prone to tsunamis, have developed warning systems to alert people who live near the sea.

Glossary for key words.

Key wordsMeaning
TsunamiA long high sea wave caused by an earthquake or other disturbance
destructionThe action or process of causing so much damage to something that it no longer exists or cannot be repaired.
meteoritesA meteorite is a natural object originating in outer space that survives impact with the Earth's surface. A meteorite size can range from small to extremely large.
undersea eruptionsScientists sailed out to have a closer look at the eruptions of an undersea volcano
undersea earthquakesA submarine, undersea, or underwater earthquake is an earthquake that occurs underwater at the bottom of a body of water, especially an ocean.
undersea landslidesSubmarine landslides are marine landslides that transport sediment across the continental shelf and into the deep ocean.
storm surgesA storm surge is an offshore rise of water associated with a low pressure weather system, typically tropical cyclones and strong extratropical cyclones.
Nuclear explosionsA nuclear explosion occurs as a result of the rapid release of energy from an intentionally high-speed nuclear reaction.
Jumbo jets jumbo jets due to their very large size
approach. Come near or nearer.
CrushedTo press or squeeze with a force that destroys or deforms.
broken Having been fractured or damaged and no longer in one piece or in working order
recededGo or move back or further away from a previous position: "the floodwaters receded
SurvivorsA person who survives, esp. a person remaining alive after an event in which others have died: "the sole survivor of the massacre".
enormous Very large in size, quantity, or extent.
SheltersA place giving temporary protection from bad weather or danger
ProneLikely to or liable to suffer from, do, or experience something, typically something regrettable or unwelcome.
Developed Advanced or elaborated to a specified degree.
warningA statement or event that indicates a possible or impending danger, problem, or other unpleasant situation
systems A set of connected things or parts forming a complex whole, in particular.
alertQuick to notice any unusual and potentially dangerous or difficult circumstances; vigilant.

1 comment:

  1. What an amazing glossary, Amy.

    I would love to see you use some of these words in your writing. You have also read The Race. Do you think you could write about a tsunami warning in Hastings? We could rush to Te Mata Peak!